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2020年9月英语六级真题及答案解析

2020-09-25 15:44:19文/丁雪竹

2020年9月份的英语六级考试已经结束了,相信12月份的考生们都比较想知道九月份英语六级的真题是什么,来看一下!

2020年9月英语六级真题及答案解析

2020年9月英语六级答案解析

听力答案

【Section A】

Conversation One

1.Why does the woman say she can be so energetic?

A) She can devote all her life to pursuing her passion.

2.What has the woman been engaged in?

A) Science education and scientific research.

3.What does the woman say about the benefit teaching brings to her?

B) A better understanding of a subject.

4.How does the woman say new scientific breakthroughs can be made possible?

D) By making full use of the existing data.

Conversation Two

5.What do both speakers think of dreams?

C) They have no special meanings.

6.Why didn't the woman's grandmother take her scheduled flight?

D) She dreamed of a plane crash.

7.What does the woman say about people's emotions?

A) They can have an impact as great as rational thinking.

8.What did psychologist Sigmund Freud say about adults' dreams?

B) They reflect their complicated emotions.

【Section B】

Passage One

9. What did scientists first use to discover Lake Vostok in the 1970s?

B) Radio waves.

10. What do scientists think about Lake Vostok?

C) It may have micro-organisms living in it.

11. What do the scientists hope their discoveries will do?

C) Shed light on possible in outer space.

Passage Two

12. Why did James Copeland want to study the American Indian tribe Tarahumara?

A) He found there had been little research on their language.

13. How did Gonzalez help James Copeland?

D) He acted as an intermediary between Copeland and the villagers.

14. What does the speaker say about James Copeland's trip to the Tarahumaras' village?

B) Laborious.

15. What impresses James Copeland about the Tarahumara's tribe?

A) Their sense of sharing and caring.

【Section C】

Recording One

16. What usually happens when people are accused of being radical?

A) They tend to be silenced into submission.

17. What is the speaker's definition of a radical?

D) One who rebels against the existing social order.

18. What does the speaker think of most radicals in the American history?

C) They served as a driving force for progress.

Recording Two

19. What does the speakers say about us as human beings?

B) It is impossible for us to be immune from outside influence.

20. What does the speaker say Fred should do first to improve his quality of life?

D) Recognize the negative impact of his coworkers.

21. What does the speaker say about psychiatrists?

A) They are quite susceptible to suicide.

Recording Three

22. What does the speaker say about the American dollar bill?

B) Few people can describe it precisely.

23. What does the speaker say about the exact composition of the American dollar bill?

C) It is a well-protected government secret.

24. Why did the new American government mint only coins for common currency?

A) People had little faith in paper money.

25. What have generations of American politicians argued for?

C) A gold standard for American currency.

选词填空

第一套

26.L.realms

28 H.mastering

29.B.fatigue

30.E.hospitalized

31.J.obsessed

32 F.labeled

33 N.ruin

34.K.potential

35.A.contrary

第二套

26.D.hierarc

27.H.logistical

28.E.insight

29.M saturated

30.L rarely

31.O.undoubtedly

33.A.bond

34.1.magically

35.K.patterns

信息匹配

第一套

How Telemedicine Is Transforming Healthcare

36.D 段落第一句 None of this is to say that telemedicine

37.H 段落第一句 Many health plans and employers have rushed

38.E 段落第句What's more.for all the rapid growth

39.B.段落第一句 Doctors are linking up with

40.K 段落第一句 Who pays for the services?

41.O 段落第一句 To date,17 states have joined

42.G 段落第一句 Do patients trade quality for convenience?

43.F 段落第一句 Some critics also question whether

44.l 段落第一句 But critics worry that such

45.N 段落第一句 Is the state-by-state regulatory system

第二套

Six Potential Brain Benefits of Bilingual Education

36 H 段落第一句 Do these same advantages benefit a child who begins learning a second language in kindergarten in stead of as a baby?

37.C 段落第一句 Traditional programs for English-anguage learners

38.J 段落第一句 About10 percent of students in the Port land

39.D 段落第一句 The trend flies in the face of some of the culture wars of two decades ago,

40.M 段落第一句 American public school classrooms as a whole are becoming more segregated by race and class Du-al-language programs can be an exception.

41.E 段落第一句 Some of the insistence on English-first was founded on research produced decades ago

42.B 段落第一句 Again and again,researchers have found,bilingualism is an experience that shapes our brain for life

43.P 段落第一句 A review of studies published last year found that cognitive advantages failed to appear in 83 per-cent of published studies,

44.G 段落第一句 People who speak two languages often outperform monolinguals on general measures of executive function

45.N 段落第一句 Several of the researchers also pointed out that,

仔细阅读

第一套

46-50(sleeplessness)

46.c They are deeply impressed by danielle Steels dailyWork schedule

47.A She could serve as an example of industriousness

48.A They are questionable

49.C It may symbolise one's importance and success

50.B The general public should not be encouraged tofollow it.

51-55(Organic farming)

51.B Organic farming may be exploited to solve the globalfood problem

52.D It is not that productive

53.C Inequality in food distribution

54.B It is not conducive to sustainable development

55.D Organic farming does long-term good to the ecosys-tem

第二套

46-50(Public health)

46.B People disagree as to who should do what.

47.AGovernments have a role to play.

48.B They have not come up with anything more constructive

49.D To justify government intervention in solving theobesity problem

50.C When individuals have the incentive to act according-ly.

51-55(The Coral Sea proposal)

51.A It is exceptionally rich in marine life

52.D Complete the series of marine reserves around its coast

53.A The government has not done enough for marine protection

54.D It is a tremendous joint effort to protect the range of marine habitats

55.C It will protect regions that actually require little pro-tection

翻译

第一套

《水浒传》(Water Margin是中国文学四大经典小说之一。这部小说基于历史人物宋江及其伙伴反抗封建帝王的故事,数百年来一直深受中国读者的喜爱。

毫不夸张地说,几乎每个中国人都熟悉小说中的一些主要人物。这部小说中的精彩故事在茶馆、戏剧舞台、广播电视、影片屏幕和无数家庭中反复讲述。事实上,这部小说的影响已经远远超出了国界。越来越多的外国读者也感到这部小说里的故事生动感人趣味盎然。

Water Margin,one of the four classic novels in the Chinese literature,is based on the stories of the historical figures of Song Jiang and his partners,who rebelled against the feudal emperor,and has been popular among the chinese readers for hundreds of years.

It is no exaggeration to say that almost every single Chinese familiar with some of the major characters in the book as its splendid stories are repeatedly told in tea houses,on the atrical stages,by radio and television,and on film screens In fact,its influence has been far beyond the national boundary as more and more foreign readers are touched and intrigued by the stories of the novel.

第二套

《红楼梦》(Dream of the red chamber)是18世纪曹雪芹创作的一部小说。曹雪芹基于自己痛苦的个人经历,讲述了贾宝玉和林黛玉之间的悲剧性爱情故事。书中有大约30个主要人物和400多个次要人物,每个人物都刻画得栩栩如生,具有鲜明的个性。小说详尽地描述了四个贵族世家兴衰的历程,反映了封建社会隐藏的种种危机和错综复杂的社会冲突。

《红楼梦》融合了现实主义和浪漫主义,具有很强的艺术感染力。它被普遍认为是中国最伟大的小说,也是世界上最伟大的文学创作之一。

Dream of the red Chamber is a novel written by Cao Xueqi in the 18th century,who,based on his own hard life experience,tells the tragic love story between Jia Baoyu and LinDaiyu.In the book,there are about 30 major characters and over 400 minor ones,each of whom is depicted vividly withdistinctive personalities.The novel narrates exhaustively the rise and fall of four aristocratic families,reflecting vari-ous crises and complicated social conflicts that lurk in the feudal society.

Dream of the Red Chamber,which integrates realism and ro-manticism and generates strong artistic appeal,is universal-ly acknowledged as the greatest Chinese novel and one of the world s literary masterpieces.

第三套

《西游记》(Journey to the West)也许是中国文学四大经典小说中最具影响力的一部,当然也是在国外最广为人知的一部小说。这部小说描绘了著名僧侣玄奘在三个随从的陪同下穿越中国西部地区前往印度取经(Buddhist scripture)的艰难历程。虽然故事的主题基于佛教,但这部小说采用了大量中国民间故事和神话的素材创造了各种栩栩如生的人物和动物形象。其中最著名的是孙悟空,他与各种各样妖魔作斗争的故事几乎为每个中国孩子所熟知。

Journey to the West is probably the most influential one ofhe four classic novels in the Chinese literature and surely the best-known one on foreign lands.Depicted in the novelis the hard journey that Hsuan-tsang,an eminent monk,and his three followers make across west China to India to fetch Buddhist scripture.Although the theme is based on Buddhism,the book employs many materials of Chinese folk tales and myths to create various vivid images of characters and animals,among which is the most famous monkey King hose stories of fighting genies are extremely popular among chinese kids.

2020年9月19日大学英语六级考试写作解析

六级作文的考题偏抽象,3个不同考卷的主题分别是“Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty”、“What is worth doing is worth doing well”、“Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth.”。通过观察这几个主题,大家可以发现其共性是抽象概念,是价值观的讨论;既然提到了价值观,就会因人而异,这是辩论文的一个特点。其次,考题要求说write an essay on the saying,由此可以看出这属于非常典型的名言警句型辩论文。

从文章字数要求等方面看,本次考试继续维持了150-200字数的要求,而就名言警句型辩论文写作来说,达到该字数要求不会有太大压力。考题要求中给出了名言警句,一般情况下是主流的价值观,由此可以判断出整个辩论文的基调是阐述自己对此的认同。大家用其中的一个主题为例,使用传统模板写成下文,在没有重大错误的情况下,依然可以达到11分的档次,供大家体会模板的作用:

"Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth." The enlightenment of this saying is not lost in our era as eagerness to get rich and remain so while ignoring the true meaning of wealth seems rife. The implication of this message is that mental wealth is not only a type of wealth but also the only true one.

Some claim that the nature of wealth is money related, not mind related. They focus on tangible wealth which people pay so much attention to that they lose sight of intangible wealth. Some may argue that mental wealth is not as important as financial wealth. While this view might hold a bit of truth, wealth that can be lost is never the true wealth, and it is only wealth of the mind that can actually be kept forever. You spend it, but at the same time you still own it. Since wealth of the mind can not only be gained as wealth, but also be kept while being spent, what else can be more valuable than wealth of the mind?

From my perspective, it is crucial that we should regard wealth of the mind as a type of wealth. Also, it is high time that we realized they can be ours forever. Only by doing so can we achieve greater success.

上文首段用了常见模板The enlightenment of this saying is not lost in our era as … while … seems rife. 给出当今社会的趋势,引出话题。接着用一句话说明名言警句,The implication of this message is that … 通过模板,将题目中的名言警句嵌入到当前的时代背景之下。该模板适配性比较高,上面出现的几个主题都可以完美契合。

观点段用Some claim that和Some may argue that分别引出了两种观点,其中第一个观点通过句型“so … that”,说明太注重有形的财富的后果是会忽略无形的财富;第二个观点通过句型定语从句“wealth that can be lost is never the true wealth”和强调句型 “it is only wealth of the mind that …”进行比较,说明了会失去的是有形的财富,而不会失去的无形的财富才是真正的财富;最后,使用反问句型“what else can be more valuable than wealth of the mind?”来达到强化的效果,增加说服力。这段采用了多样性的句式来支撑论点层层递进,向考官展示了考生观点段落的辩论能力。

末段用了两个建议,分别选取了should型虚拟(it is crucial that we should …)和时态倒退型虚拟(it is high time that we realized that …),加上建议原因,最后以倒装语序(Only by doing so can we …)概述总结。体现了考生对语言的驾驭能力,但本质上依然是已构造好的模板的使用。

英语六级阅读理解真题

Part Ⅲ Reading

Section A

Pasta is no longer off the menu, after a new review of studies suggested that the carbohydrate can form part of a healthy diet, and even help people lose weight. For years, nutritionists have recommended that pasta be kept to a 26 , to cut calories, prevent fat build-up and stop blood sugar 27 up.

The low-carbohydrate food movement gave birth to such diets as the Atkins, Paleo and Keto, which advised swapping foods like bread, pasta and potatoes for vegetables, fish and meat. More recently the trend of swapping spaghetti for vegetables has been 28 by clean-eating experts.

But now a 29 review and analysis of 30 studies by Canadian researchers found that not only does pasta not cause weight gain, but three meals a week can help people drop more than half a kilogram over four months. The reviewers found that pasta had been unfairly demonized because it had been 30 in with other, more fat-promoting carbohydrates.

“The study found that pasta didn’t 31 to weight gain or increase in body fat,” said lead author Dr John Sievenpiper. “In 32 the evidence, we can now say with some confidence that pasta does not have an 33 effect on body weight outcomes when it is consumed as part of a healthy dietary pattern.” In fact, analysis actually showed a small weight loss. So 34 to concerns, perhaps pasta can be part of a healthy diet.

Those involved in the 35 trails on average ate 3.3 servings of pasta a week instead of other carbohydrates, one serving equaling around half a cup. They lost around half a kilogram over an average follow-up of 12 weeks.

A) adverse I) minimum

B) championed J) radiating

C) clinical K) ration

D) contrary L) shooting

E) contribute M) subscribe

F) intimate N) systematic

G) lumped O) weighing

H) magnified

26. K) ration

27. L) shooting

28. B) championed

29. N) systematic

30. G) lumped

31. E) contribute

32. O) weighing

33. A) adverse

34. D) contrary

35. C) clinical

Section B

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

Professor Stephen Hawking has warned that the creation of powerful artificial intelligence (AI) will be “either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity”, and praised the creation of an academic institute dedicated to researching the future of intelligence as “crucial to the future of our civilization and our species.”

Hawking was speaking at the opening of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (LCFI) at Cambridge University, a multi-disciplinary institute that will attempt to tackle some of the open-ended questions raised by the rapid pace of development in AI research. “We spend a great deal of time studying history,” Hawking said, “which, let’s face it, is mostly the history of stupidity. So it’s a welcome change that people are studying instead the future of intelligence.”

While the world-renowned physicist has often been cautious about AI, raising concerns that humanity could be the architect of its own destruction if it creates a super-intelligence with a will of its own, he was also quick to highlight the positives that AI research can bring. “The potential benefits of creating intelligence are huge,” he said. “We cannot predict what we might achieve when our own minds are amplified by AI. Perhaps with the tools of this new technological revolution, we will be able to undo some of the damage done to the natural world by the last one – industrialization. And surely we will aim to finally eradicate disease and poverty. And every aspect of our lives will be transformed. In short, success in creating AI could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization.”

Huw Price, the centre’s academic director and the Bertrand Russell professor of philosophy at Cambridge University, where Hawking is also an academic, said that the centre came about partially as a result of the university’s Centre for Existential Risk. That institute examined a wider range of potential problems or humanity, while the LCFI has a narrow focus.

AI pioneer Margaret Boden, professor of cognitive science at the University of Sussex, praised the progress of such discussions. As recently as 2009, she said, the topic wasn’t taken seriously, even among AI researchers. “AI is hugely exciting,” she said, “but it has limitations, which present grace dangers given uncritical use.”

The academic community is not alone in warning about the potential dangers of AI as well as the potential benefits. A number of pioneers from the technology industry, most famously the entrepreneur Elon Musk, have also expressed their concerns about the damage that a super-intelligent AI could do to humanity.

46. What did Stephen Hawking think of artificial intelligence?

A) It would be vital to the progress of human civilization.

B) It might be a blessing or a disaster in the making.

C) It might present challenges as well as opportunities.

D) It would be a significant expansion of human intelligence.

46. B. It might be a blessing or a disaster in the making.

47. What did Hawking say about the creation of the LCFI?

A) It would accelerate the process of AI research.

B) It would mark a step forward in the AI industry.

C) It was extremely important to the destiny of humankind.

D) It was an achievement of multi-disciplinary collaboration.

47. C. It was extremely important to the destiny of humankind.

48. What did Hawking say was a welcome change in AI research?

48. A. The shift of research focus from the past to the future.

49. What concerns did Hawking raise about AI?

A) It may exceed human intelligence sooner or later.

B) It may ultimately over-amplify the human mind.

C) Super-intelligence may cause its own destruction.

D) Super—intelligence may eventually ruin mankind.

49. D. Super—intelligence may eventually ruin mankind.

50. What do we learn about some entrepreneurs from the technology industry?

A) They are much influenced by the academic community.

B) They are most likely to benefit from AI development.

C) They share the same concerns about AI as academic.

D) They believe they can keep AI under human control.

50. C. They share the same concerns about AI as academic.

Section C

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

Professor Stephen Hawking has warned that the creation of powerful artificial intelligence (AI) will be “either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity”, and praised the creation of an academic institute dedicated to researching the future of intelligence as “crucial to the future of our civilization and our species.”

Hawking was speaking at the opening of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (LCFI) at Cambridge University, a multi-disciplinary institute that will attempt to tackle some of the open-ended questions raised by the rapid pace of development in AI research. “We spend a great deal of time studying history,” Hawking said, “which, let’s face it, is mostly the history of stupidity. So it’s a welcome change that people are studying instead the future of intelligence.”

While the world-renowned physicist has often been cautious about AI, raising concerns that humanity could be the architect of its own destruction if it creates a super-intelligence with a will of its own, he was also quick to highlight the positives that AI research can bring. “The potential benefits of creating intelligence are huge,” he said. “We cannot predict what we might achieve when our own minds are amplified by AI. Perhaps with the tools of this new technological revolution, we will be able to undo some of the damage done to the natural world by the last one – industrialization. And surely we will aim to finally eradicate disease and poverty. And every aspect of our lives will be transformed. In short, success in creating AI could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization.”

Huw Price, the centre’s academic director and the Bertrand Russell professor of philosophy at Cambridge University, where Hawking is also an academic, said that the centre came about partially as a result of the university’s Centre for Existential Risk. That institute examined a wider range of potential problems or humanity, while the LCFI has a narrow focus.

AI pioneer Margaret Boden, professor of cognitive science at the University of Sussex, praised the progress of such discussions. As recently as 2009, she said, the topic wasn’t taken seriously, even among AI researchers. “AI is hugely exciting,” she said, “but it has limitations, which present grace dangers given uncritical use.”

The academic community is not alone in warning about the potential dangers of AI as well as the potential benefits. A number of pioneers from the technology industry, most famously the entrepreneur Elon Musk, have also expressed their concerns about the damage that a super-intelligent AI could do to humanity.

46. What did Stephen Hawking think of artificial intelligence?

A) It would be vital to the progress of human civilization.

B) It might be a blessing or a disaster in the making.

C) It might present challenges as well as opportunities.

D) It would be a significant expansion of human intelligence.

46. B. It might be a blessing or a disaster in the making.

47. What did Hawking say about the creation of the LCFI?

A) It would accelerate the process of AI research.

B) It would mark a step forward in the AI industry.

C) It was extremely important to the destiny of humankind.

D) It was an achievement of multi-disciplinary collaboration.

47. C. It was extremely important to the destiny of humankind.

48. What did Hawking say was a welcome change in AI research?

A) The shift of research focus from the past to the future.

B) The shift of research from theory to implementation.

C) The greater emphasis on the negative impact of AI.

D) The increasing awareness of mankind’s past stupidity.

48. A. The shift of research focus from the past to the future.

49. What concerns did Hawking raise about AI?

A) It may exceed human intelligence sooner or later.

B) It may ultimately over-amplify the human mind.

C) Super-intelligence may cause its own destruction.

D) Super—intelligence may eventually ruin mankind.

49. D. Super—intelligence may eventually ruin mankind.

50. What do we learn about some entrepreneurs from the technology industry?

A) They are much influenced by the academic community.

B) They are most likely to benefit from AI development.

C) They share the same concerns about AI as academic.

D) They believe they can keep AI under human control.

50. C. They share the same concerns about AI as academic.

Question 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

The market for products designed specifically for older adults could reach $30 billion by next year, and startups(初创企业)want in on the action. What they sometimes lack is feedback from the people who they hope will use their products. So Brookdale, the country’s largest owner of retirement communication, has been inviting a few select entrepreneurs just to move in for a few days, show off their products and hear what the residents have to say.

That’s what brought Dayle Rodriguez, 28, all the way from England to the dining room of Brookdale South Bay in Torrance, California. Rodriguez is the community and marketing manager for a company called Sentab. The startup’s product, Sentab TV, enables older adults who may not be comfortable with computers to access email, video chat and social media using just their televisions and a remote control.

“It’s nothing new, it’s nothing too complicated and it’s natural because lots of people have TV remotes,” says Rodriguez.

But none of that is the topic of conversation in the Brookdale dining room. Instead, Rodriguez solicits residents’ advice on what he should get on his cheeseburger and how he should spend the afternoon. Playing cards was on the agenda, as well as learning to play mahjong(麻将).

Rodriguez says it’s important that residents here don’t feel like he’s selling them something. “I’ve had more feedback in a passive approach,” he says. “Playing pool, playing cards, having dinner, having lunch,” all work better “than going through a survey of questions. When they get to know me and to trust me, knowing for sure I’m not selling them something – there’ll be more honest feedback from them.”

Rodriguez is just the seventh entrepreneur to move into one of Brookdale’s 1,100 senior living communities. Other new products in the program have included a kind of full-body blow dryer and specially designed clothing that allows people with disabilities to dress and undress themselves.

Mary Lou Busch, 93, agreed to try the Sentab system. She tells Rodriguez that it might be good for someone, but not for her.

“I have the computer and Face Time, which I talk with my family on,” she explains. She also has an iPad and a smartphone. “So I do pretty much everything I need to do.”

To be fair, if Rodriguez had wanted feedback from some more technophobic(害怕技术的) seniors, he might have ended up in the wrong Brookdale community. This one is located in the heart of Southern California’s aerospace corridor. Many residents have backgrounds in engineering, business and academic circles.

But Rodriguez says he’s still learning something important by moving into this Brookdale community: “People are more tech-proficient than we thought.”

And besides, where else would he learn to play mahjong?

51. What does the passage say about the startups?

A) They never lose time in upgrading products for seniors.

B) They want to have a share of the seniors’ goods market.

C) They invite seniors to their companies to try their products.

D) They try to profit from promoting digital products to seniors.

答案:B

52. Some entrepreneurs have been invited to Brookdale to .

A) have an interview with potential customers

B) conduct a survey of retirement communities

C) collect residents’ feedback on their products

D) show senior residents how to use IT products

答案:C

53. What do we know about SentabTV?

A) It is a TV program catering to the interest of the elderly.

B) It is a digital TV which enjoys popularity among seniors.

C) It is a TV specially designed for seniors to view programs.

D) It is a communication system via TV instead of a computer.

答案:D

54. What does Rodriguez say is important in promoting products?

A) Winning trust from prospective customers.

B) Knowing the likes and dislikes of customers.

C) Demonstrating their superiority on the spot.

D) Responding promptly to customer feedback.

答案:A

55. What do we learn about the seniors in the Brookdale community?

A) Most of them are interested in using the Sentab.

B) They are quite at ease with high-tech products.

C) They have much in common with seniors elsewhere.

D) Most of them enjoy a longer life than average people。

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